On 22 December 2016, the Crown initialled a Deed of Settlement with the Hauraki Iwi Collective that incorrectly and inappropriately provides the Hauraki Iwi redress that extends into the heartlands of Ngāi Te Rangi, Ngāti Ranginui and Ngāti Pūkenga thereby undermining the mana, rangatiratanga and tikanga of our iwi.
The following settlement redress at issue that falls within the rohe of Tauranga Moana iwi includes:
A governance seat on the Tauranga Moana Governance Group for the Hauraki Collective and the right to participate in alternative redress if the Framework is abandoned by the Tauranga Moana Iwi Collective;
Department of Conservation (“DOC”) rights to engage in planning, customary take of flora and fauna and dead marine mammals, to establish wāhi tapu reserves and other decision making rights;
Ministry of Primary Industries (“MPI”) Advisory Committee - rights to advise the Minister on the utilisation of fisheries resources;
MPI Quota Rights of First Refusal (“RFR”) to purchase certain fisheries quota (We believe the Crown has since amended this redress so that it does not extend beyond Waiorooro)
Inclusion of ‘Pare Hauraki Worldview’ statement of “Mai Matakana ki Matakana”; and
Pare Hauraki Redress Area claims an area of interest up to Oturu stream (Te Puna).
In addition, Ngāi Te Rangi are opposing agreements that were reached with the Hauraki Collective in 2012 including:
60% of Athenree Forest;
15 rights of first refusal properties in Te Puna/Katikati areas;
4 properties in Otawhiwhi/Katikati areas; and
A Statutory Acknowledgement in the Kaimai Ranges
A property at Kauri Point
Ngāi Te Rangi are opposing these redress items for the following reasons:
Previous agreements were made under pressures to achieve quick settlements. They were made with the expectation that such agreements would be the extent of Hauraki claims into Tauranga. They were also made without acknowledging any rights of mana to Hauraki.
The Crown also refers to redress as “commercial”, to impress upon iwi that such agreements do not interfere with mana whenua or iwi relationships to land. The Crown also thrashes a term that some redress is ‘non exclusive’ again to impress upon iwi that such redress will not impact mana whenua.
Relationships with post settlement iwi, particularly, Ngāti Whātua have provided Tauranga Moana iwi with insight into the consequences of allowing non mana whenua iwi into your rohe through settlement agreements. Tauranga Moana iwi have drawn strength from neighbouring iwi to not be pressured by the Crown to make compromises on mana whenua.
Additional redress has been provided to Hauraki without Tauranga Moana iwi agreement since these previous agreements were made making previous agreements unfair and no longer sustainable.
Hauraki are now asserting mana whenua. At the time the previous redress was agreed Hauraki were not asserting mana whenua. Hauraki have also offended Tauranga Moana iwi by declining invitations to hui iwi to iwi coupled with disrespectful correspondence from the Hauraki Collective Chairman.
The Crown has acted in bad faith and has not been transparent in its dealings with Ngāi Te Rangi which has caused offence.
Most importantly, and underlying this all is that Hauraki do not have mana whenua in Tauranga. They have never maintained ahi kā.
In addition to all of the above
There are individual Hauraki iwi settlements where Hauraki iwi are also claiming properties and decision making rights in Tauranga. We have a general understanding of what redress this is, however, the Crown refuses to provide us with the Settlement Deeds so that we can review the detail of this redress. The individual iwi have also failed to seek our agreement to this redress. We oppose this redress as well.
Overall, there is a significant amount of redress being offered to Hauraki iwi. The actions of the Crown and Hauraki has caused Tauranga Moana iwi great offence that all previous agreements no longer stand. The combination of all of the above has made Tauranga Moana iwi determined to resolve Hauraki claims into Tauranga in a robust and meaningful way that is in accordance with tikanga Māori, without Crown interference and without time pressures.
Tauranga Moana iwi have now experienced the process of settlement negotiations and have learnt that they are not processes that encourage fair and durable settlements between iwi. It is time for tikanga Māori to prevail!
We seek that the Crown remove all redress in the Hauraki Settlement that relates to Tauranga Moana before the signing of the Hauraki Collective Deed proposed to occur on 22 July 2017.
Then a proper tikanga based process for resolving issues needs to take place between Hauraki and Tauranga Moana, without Crown interference.
Rangatira ki te Rangatira, kanohi ki te kanohi!
Te Rangihouhiri began his journey from Whāngārā to Hakurānui to Whakapau Kōrero to Pōporohuamea where he died. Following his death and after many significant battles, his descendants who became known as Ngāi Te Rangi settled in Tauranga Moana.